Journal Articles


  • Wilkening, T, Martinie, M, & Howe, PDL (in press). Hidden experts in the crowd: Using meta-predictions to leverage expertise in single-question prediction problems. Management Science.
  • Howe, PDL, Perfors, A, & Ransom, K (in press). What interventions can decrease or increase belief polarisation in a population of rational agents. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Society, 43.
  • Marris, J, Perfors, A, Mitchell, D., Wang, W, McCusker, MW, Lovell, TJH, Gibson, RN, Gaillard, F, & Howe, PDL (in press). How effective is perceptual training? Evaluating two perceptual training methods on a difficult visual categorisation task. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Society, 43
  • Howe, PDL, &  Lee, SBW (in press). Attribute Amnesia in the Auditory Domain. Perception
  • Landes, TL, Howe, PDL, Kashima, Y (2021). A hierarchy of mindreading strategies in joint action participation. Judgment & Decision Making, 16(4)
  • Baillie, E, Howe, PDL, Perfors, A, Miller, T, Kashima, Y, & Beger, A. (2021). Explainable models for forecasting the emergence of political instability. PLOS ONE, 16(7), e0254350. [PDF]


  • Vered, M, Howe, PDL, Miller, T, Sonenberg, L, & Velloso, E (2020). Demand-driven transparency for monitoring intelligent agents. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 50(3), 264-275. [PDF]
  • Martinie, M, Wilkening, T, & Howe, PDL (2020). Using meta-predictions to identify experts in the crowd when past performance is unknown. PLOS ONE, 15(4), e0232058. [PDF]
  • Blunden, AG, Howe, PDL, & Little, DL (2020). Evidence that within-dimension features are processed coactively. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 82(1), 193-227. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL, Vargas-Saenz, McNeill, IM (2019).  Commitments increase preparedness for floods. PLOS ONE, 14(8). [PDF]
  • Pryor, C, Pefors, A, & Howe, PDL (2019). Conformity to the descriptive norms of people with opposing political or social beliefs. PLOS ONE, 14(7) [PDF]
  • Adams, M, Chen, W, Holcdorf, D, McCusker, MW, Howe, PDL, & Gaillard, F (2019). Computer vs human: Deep learning versus perceptual training for the detection of neck of femur fractures. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 63(1), 27-32. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, Vargas-Saenz, A, Hulbert, CA, & Boldero, JM (2019). Predictors of gambling and problem gambling in Victoria, Australia. PLoS One, 14(1), e0209277. [PDF]
  • Pryor, C, Perfors, A, & Howe, PDL(2019). Even arbitrary norms influence moral decision-making. Nature Human Behaviour, 3(1), 57. [PDF]


  • Pryor, C, Perfors, A, & Howe, PDL (2018). Reversing the endowment effect. Judgment and Decision Making, 13(3), 275-286. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL,Lodge, JM, & McKague, M (2018). A comparison of the effectiveness of two computer-based learning aids. Frontiers in Education, 3,51. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, McKague, M, Lodge, JM, Blunden, AG, & Saw, G. (2018). PeerWise: Evaluating the effectiveness of a web-based learning aid in a second-year psychology subject. Psychology Learning & Teaching, 17(2), 166-176. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Perfors, A (2018). An argument for how (and why) to incentivise replication. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 41, e135. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, Boldero, J, McNeil, IM, Vargas-Saenz, A, & Handmer, J (2018). Increasing preparedness for wildfires by informing residents of their community’s social norms. Natural Hazards Review, 19(2). [PDF]
  • Howe PDL, Vargas-Saenz, A, Hulbert, CA, & Boldero, JM. (2018). Gambling and problem gambling in Victoria, Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation, Melbourne. Final Report. [PDF]
  • Pryor, C& Howe PDL (2018). Conform to the social norm: why people follow what other people do. The Conversation, Dec 18. [Link]


  • Chen, W & Howe, PDL (2017). Attribute amnesia is greatly reduced with novel stimuli. PeerJ, e4016. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL (2017). Natural scenes can be identified as rapidly as individual features. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 79(6), 1674-1681. [PDF]
  • Chen, W, HolcDorf, D, McCusker, MW, Gaillard, F, & Howe, PDL (2017). Perceptual training to improve hip fracture identification in conventional radiographs. PLoS One, 12(12), e0189192. [PDF]
  • Lapierre, MD, Cropper SJ, & Howe PDL (2017) Shared processing in multiple object tracking and visual working memory in the absence of response order and task order confounds. PLoS One, 12(4):20. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Ferguson, A (2017). The Advantages of Combining the Simultaneous-Sequential Paradigm with Systems Factorial Technology.  D. R. Little, N. Altieri, M. Fific & C-T. Yang (Eds.). Systems Factorial Technology: A Theory Driven Methodology for the Identification of Perceptual and Cognitive Mechanisms. Elsevier. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL (2017). Hemispatial Neglect, Balint’s Syndrome and Attention. Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology. Elsevier, UK. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, Evans KK, Pedersini R, Horowitz TS, Wolfe JM, & Cohen M (2017). The Influence of Selective Attention on Consciousness. Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology. Elsevier, UK. [PDF]
  • Miller, T, Howe, PDL, & Sonenberg, L. (2017). Explainable AI: Beware of Inmates Running the Asylum. In IJCAI 2017 Workshop on Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI). [PDF]


  • Maguire, JF& Howe, PDL (2016). Failure to detect meaning in RSVP at 27 ms per picture. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 78(5):1405-1413.[PDF]
  • Liew, SX, Howe, PDL, & Little, DR (2016). The appropriacy of averaging in the study of context effects. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(5):1639-1646. [PDF]
  • Wang, TSL, Christie, N, Howe, PDL, & Little, DR (2016). Global cue inconsistency diminishes learning of cue validity. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:10. [PDF]
  • Landes, TL, Kashima, Y, & Howe, PDL (2016) Investigating the effect of gaze cues and emotional expressions on the affective evaluations of unfamiliar faces. PLoS One, 11(9):24. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL& Carter, OL (2016). Hallucinations and mental imagery demonstrate ‘top-down’ effects on visual perception. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 39:2. [PDF]
  • Chen, W & Howe, PDL (2016). Comparing breast screening protocols: Inserting catch trials does not improve sensitivity over double screening. PLoS One, 11(10):12. [PDF]


  • Pryor, CG & Howe PDL (2015). Bilateral advantages in subitization with visual masking. Perception, 44(6), 628-642. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Ferguson, A (2015). The identity-location binding problem. Cognitive Science, 39(7), 1622-1645. [PDF]
  • Luu, T & Howe, PDL (2015). Extrapolation occurs in multiple object tracking when eye movements are controlled. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 77(6), 1919-1929.[PDF]
  • Chen, W, Blunden, AG, & Howe, PDL (2015). Part-whole information assists in topological x topological but non in orientation x orientation conjunction searches. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 77(3), 777-789. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Little, DR (2015). Searching for the highest number. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 77(2), 423-440. [PDF]


  • Holcombe, AO, Chen, W-Y, & Howe, PDL (2014). Object tracking: Absence of long-range spatial interference supports resource theories. Journal of Vision, 14(6):1. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Webb, ME (2014). Detecting unidentified changes. PLoS One, 9(1): e84490. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Webb, ME (2014). Know this: the ‘sixth sense’ is all in your head. The Conversation, Jan 13. [Link]


  • Howe, PDL, Holcombe, AO, Lapierre, MD, & Cropper, SJ (2013). Visually tracking and localizing expanding and contracting objects. Perception, 42(12), 1281-1300. [PDF]
  • Lapierre, M, Howe, PDL & Cropper, SJ (2013). Transfer of learning between hemifields in multiple object tracking: Memory reduces constraints of attention. PLoS One, 8(12): e83872. [PDF]
  • Bowers, AR, Anastasio, RJ, Sheldon, SS, O’Connor, MG, Holis, AM, Howe, PDL, & Horowitz, TS (2013). Can we improve clinical prediction of at-risk older drivers? Accident Analysis & Prevention,59, 537-547. [PDF]
  • Chen, WY, Howe, PDL,& Holcombe, AO (2013). Resource demands of object tracking and differential allocation of the resource. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 75(4), 710-725. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL & Holcombe, AO (2012). Motion information is sometimes used as an aid to the visual tracking of objects. Journal of Vision, 12(13):10, 1-10. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Holcombe, AO (2012). The effect of visual distinctiveness on multiple object tracking performance. Frontiers In Psychology, 3:307. [PDF]
  • Hudson, C, Howe, PDL, & Little, DR (2012). Hemifield effects in multiple identity tracking. PLoS One, 7(8). [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, Incledon, NC, & Little, DR (2012). Can attention be confined to just part of a moving object? Revisiting target-distractor merging in multiple object tracking. PLoS One, 7(7). [PDF]


  • Cohen, MA, Pinto, Y, Howe, PDL, & Horowitz, TS (2011). The what-where trade-off in multiple-identity tracking. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 73(5), 1422-1434. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, Drew, T, Pinot, Y, & Horowitz, TS (2011). Remapping attention in multiple object tracking. Vision Research, 51(5), 489-95. [PDF]
  • Bowers, AR, Anastasio, RJ, Howe, PDL, O’Connor, MG, Hollis, AM, Kapust, LR, Bronstad, PM, & Horowitz, TS (2011) Dynamic attention as a predictor of driving performance in clinical populations: preliminary results. Proceedings of the 6th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design. Lake Tahoe, CA. 307-313. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL, Pinto, Y, & Horowitz, TS (2010). The coordinate systems used in visual tracking. Vision Research, 50, 2375-2380. [PDF]
  • Pinto, Y, Howe, PDL, Cohen, MA, & Horowitz, TS (2010). The more often you see it, the easier it becomes to track. Journal of Vision, 10(10). [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, Cohen, MA, Pinto, Y, & Horowitz, TS (2010). Distinguishing between parallel and serial accounts of multiple object tracking. Journal of Vision, 10(8). [PDF]
  • Evans, KK, Horowitz, TS, Howe, PDL, Pedersini, R, Kuzmova, Y, Reijnen, E, Pinto, Y, & Wolfe, JM (2010). Visual Attention. In Nadel L (Ed) Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [PDF]


  • How PDL, Livingston MS, Morocz I, & Horowitz, TS (2009). An fMRI investigation into multiple object tracking. Journal of Vision, 9(4). [PDF]
  • Hubel, DH, Howe, PDL, Duffy, AM, & Hernandez, A (2009). Scotopic foveal afterimages. Perception, 38(2), 313-316. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL (2009). Neglect and Balint’s Syndrome. Encyclopedia for Consciousness. Elsevier, UK. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL, Evans, KK, Pedersini, R, Horowitz, TS, Wolfe, JM, & Cohen, M (2009). Attention: Selective Attention and Consciousness. Encyclopedia for Consciousness. Elsevier, UK. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL, Horowitz, TS, & Wolfe, JM (2008). Transient signals per se do not disrupt the flash-lag effect. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31(2), 206. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL, Sagreiya, H, Curtis, DL, Zheng, CC, & Livingstone, MS. (2007). The double-anchoring theory of lightness perception: A comment on Bressan (2006). Psychological Review, 114(4), 1105-9. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Livingstone, MS (2007). The use of the cancellation technique to quantify the Hermann grid illusion. PLoS One, 2(2): e265, 1-4. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL, Thompson, PG, Anstis, SM, Sagreiya, H,& Livingstone MS. (2006). Explaining the Footsteps, Bellydancer, Wenceslas and Kickback Illusions. Journal of Vision, 6, 12(5), 1396-1405. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Livingstone, MS (2006). End-stopping and the stereo aperture problem in macaque V1. Cerebral Cortex, 16(9), 1332-1337. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL (2006). Testing the coplanar ratio hypothesis of lightness perception. Perception, 35(3), 291-301. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL (2005). White’s effect: removing the junctions but preserving the strength of the illusion. Perception, 34(5), 557-564. [PDF]


  • Grossberg, S & Howe, PDL (2003). A laminar cortical model of stereopsis and three-dimensional surface perception. Vision Research, 43, 801-829. [PDF]
  • Howe, PDL & Watanabe, T (2003). Measuring the depth induced by an opposite-luminance (but not anti-correlated) stereogram. Perception, 32(4), 415-21. [PDF]


  • Howe, PDL (2001). A comment on the Anderson (1997), the Todorovic (1997), and the Ross and Pessoa (2000) explanations of White's effect. Perception, 30(8), 1023-1026. [PDF]