The choke effect: Examining test anxiety and performance enhancing characteristics in university students

(Past project)

The pressure on university students to excel in their academic pursuits can contribute to increased anxiety and negative performance outcomes. Other contexts such as sport and music performance show that choking experiences can negatively impact performance anxiety and performance. Choking experiences are defined as a failure to perform at your expected capabilities due to being in a pressure filled, high-stakes situation. This study will explore how a previous choking experience may influence current levels of test anxiety and academic achievement in university students. It will also examine students' individual levels of mental toughness, psychological flexibility and mindfulness as potential buffers for test anxiety subsequent to a choking experience.


Enquiries:  Madelaine Leydin (


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